Know These Common Abbreviations, Basic Abbreviations.

common abbreviations

Everyone should know basic and common abbreviations which are mostly used these days. Abbreviations are the truncated part of a text. Using Abbreviations aka short forms helps in fast writing, reading, and understanding. So, it is important to know some abbreviations.

Abbreviations have become a way of standard writing in many fields. Like as if you see the medical report, we can find many short forms/abbreviations there. Not only in the medical field, but abbreviations are also widely used in other fields like education, computer, and even in a social media text.

So, it is worth knowing some basic but useful abbreviations.

I have listed some common abbreviations categorized on the basis of its use in the field. Check it out. Also, I have also tried to include an example or short explanation of each abbreviation.

Common Abbreviations List

1. Common Time And Date Abbreviations

DOB = Date of Birth

Mostly used in forms. e.g. My DOB is 1990/01/01

BC = Before Christ

e.g. War in the Roman Republic from 73 BC.

AD = Anno Domino

e.g. It’s 2020 AD in here.

ETA = Estimated Time of Arrival

e.g. The ETA for that flight is 2 hours.

AM/PM = Ante Meridian / Post Meridian

e.g. It’s 3 AM in the morning. Let’s do it after 10 PM.

2. Medical Field Common Abbreviations

ICU = Intensive Care Unit

I would say, ICU as the most facilitated place in hospital.

ECG = Electrocardiogram

Most simple way to check heart’s rhythm.

HIV = Human Immunodeficiency Virus

It is the virus that causes AIDS.

AIDS = Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome

It’s a AIDS. Scary.

LFT = Liver Functions Test

This test is done to check the problems in the Liver.

MRI = Magnetic Resonance Imaging

It gets the image of the whole body including its organs.

CT scan = Computed Tomography scan

It’s like an X-ray but done with different angles and more powerful and useful than normal X-rays.

OPD = Outpatient Department

If you have any health issue, then you will first go to OPD to consult with doctors.

PTSD = Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

It’s a disorder in mind as the consequences of some serious events.

TSH = Thyroid Stimulating Hormone

You will have TSH test for thyroid, if you need one.

BP = Blood Pressure

Remember you should not have your BP higher than 120/80.

NICU = Neonatal Intensive Care Unit

NICU ward is only for newly born child with health issues.

3. Common Abbreviations in Social Chat

ASAP = As Soon As Possible

e.g. I want this to be removed ASAP.

BRB = Be Right Back

e.g. One second, BRB.

LOL = Laugh Out Loud

e.g. LOL you are so funny.

ROFL – Rolling On the Floor Laughing

e.g. Used in something so much funny that you cannot control.

TY – Thank You

e.g. TY for your help.

BTW – By The Way

e.g. BTW, I can help you in this.

DYK – Did You Know

e.g. DYK they had a break up yesterday.

OMG – Oh My God

OMG OMG OMG

BFF – Best Friends Forever

We always help each other. Right BFF?

TIA – Thanks in Advance

You say TIA when you appreciate others trying to do something for you.

FOMO = Fear of Missing Out

It’s is anxiety feeling occurred in you when others are doing something without you.

AKA = Also Known As

Mr Ghishing aka Gore is criminal of our country.

DIY = Do It Yourself

e.g You looked the steps. Now DIY.

FYI – For Your Information

e.g. FYI, I am not the only one in this doing.

LMAO – Laughing My A.. Off

Well, people use this abbreviation in social chat when they get something funny.

PTO – Please Turn Over

e.g. PTO for more information.

4. Some Organization/Company Short forms

FBI = Federal Bureau of Investigation

The FBI is the intelligence security service of USA.

BBC = British Broadcasting Corporation

BBC News is the only news that is reliable in my perspective.

BMW = Bavarian Motor Works

e.g. Who doesn’t dream of having BMW car?

JCB = Joseph Cyril Bamford

JCB manufactures many construction equipment’s. You have seen JCB bulldozer.

NASA = National Aeronautics and Space Administration

NASA research is focused on space exploration.

ADIDAS = Adolf “Adi” Dassler

ADIDAS manufacture sportswear which is very famous all around the world.

LG = Lucky Goldstar

LG company produces all kinds of electronic products.

HTC = High Tech Computer

HTC corporation manufactures equipment’s from computer to mobile phones.

FIFA = Federation Internationale de Football Association

FIFA is a non-profit organization that covers all international football matches.

GOOGLE = Global Organization Of Oriented Group Language Of Earth

The largest company around the world. Everyone knows about it.

SAARC = South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation

e.g. Right now, 8 countries are in the SAARC committee.

5. Short Forms in Worker/Position

MD = Managing Director

It is the prestigious post of any company.

PA = Personal Assistant

Busy Boss mostly hires PA to help in their small works.

CEO = Chief Executive Officer

CEO is the highest rank in any company.

CMO = Chief Marketing Officer

CMO deals with the marketing strategy of any company.

EVP = Executive Vice President

e.g EVP mainly coordinates with the department for the growth of organization.

CFO = Chief Financial Officer

e.g CFO looks after the financial matters of an organization.

6. Some Science Short Forms

DDT = Dichloro Diphenyl Trichloroethane

One of the synthetic pesticides harmful to humans too.

DNA = Deoxyribo Nucleic Acid

Main hereditary material of most of the living organisms.

RNA = Ribo Nucleic Acid

It helps in protein synthesis required for the body.

RADAR = Radio Detection and Ranging

Also used in airport for the navigation of aircraft.

LASER = Light Amplification by the Stimulated Emission of Radiation

Everybody likes to play with laser but be careful with the dangerous one.

PVC = Poly Vinyl Chloride

Haven’t you heard of PVC pipes?

SONAR = Sound Navigation and Ranging

It is used in Ships for navigation and other proposes.

7. Internet Commonly Used Abbreviations

Know more Internet and tech articles from here. Read TECH ARTICLES

WWW = World Wide Web

A huge database of the so-called internet.

ISP = Internet Service Provider

ISP is the company that provides us internet. e.g. worldlink

IP = Internet Protocol

It’s like an address written in a numeric format for each device that is connected to the internet.

URL = Uniform Resource Locator

URL is the link to any website or web page. e.g. anylearnnepal.com is URL to my website.

HTML = Hyper Text Markup Language

The main functional language of any web page.

HTTP = Hyper Text Transfer Protocal

It is the communication medium between browsers and website.

PING = Packet InterNet Groper

It is the test of our internet connectivity.

VPN = Virtual Private Network

It gives anonymity to internet user. for e.g. it hides your IP address.

WiFi = Wireless Fidelity

Well, you might be reading this with the WiFi connection probably.

MODEM = Modulator Demodulator

Its a device that connects our router to the internet.

SEO = Search Engine Optimization

SEO is the way of growing visitors on any website.

SERP = Search Engine Results Page

It is any web page displayed by the browser from a web server.

LTE = Long Term Evolution

e.g. LTE is one of the standards of telecommunication. You probably heard of 4G LTE.

DNS = Domain Name System

It is the system of the address of all devices that are connected to the internet.

FTP = File Transfer Protocol

FTP is a protocol that helps to transfer files between users and web servers.

LAN = Local Area Network

A small computer network that connects devices within a local area like school, lab, campus.

WAN = Wide Area Network

Connectivity for the large area such as a geographical area. It is used in telecommunication.

WLAN = Wireless LAN

A wireless network that connects devices.

SMTP = Simple Mail Transfer Protocol

Simple protocol by which our email goes to the right place where we send it.

GPRS = General Packet Radio Service

It is a wireless communication for the 2G or 3G network with the transmission rate up to 114 Kbps.

8. Common Abbreviations in Electronics

LCD = Liquid Crystal Display

Not better than LED technology but works fine for less budget.

LED = Light Emitting Diode

New technology with greater efficiency than LCD.

IC = Integrated Circuit

Its like main component, every required component kept in a single chip. Small but works better than other components. e.g. Microprocessor, Microcontrollers, etc.

DSLR = Digital Single Lens Reflex

New technology in a camera that captures images with more efficiency, speed, etc. Multipurpose camera.

ATM = Automated Teller Machine

Well, almost everyone uses ATM to withdraw a small amount of money.

AM = Amplitude Modulated

Used for the radio signal, works based on the amplitude.

FM = Frequency Modulated

Also used for the radio signal, works based on the frequency.

IT = Information Technology

One important field that advances our way of life.

CD = Compact Disc

Well, we used to watch movies on CD back in the old days.

DVD = Digital Video/Versatile Disc

The new technology that offers higher storage than a CD. Can store any type of media file.

CCTV = Closed Circuit Television

Be careful with your activities in the bank as authority are watching over you through CCTV.

IOS = Iphone Operating System

The iPhone, iPad, iPod, Apple TV, etc. all part of IOS. Want iPhone 11? Sorry, I don’t have that for you.

MCB = Miniature Circuit Breaker

Well, see in your electrical wiring at your home. You will find a MCB. It protects our electrical circuit.

9. Education Related Abbreviations

LLB = Bachelor of Laws

MBA = Medical of Business Administration

MBBS = Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery

MCA = Master of Computer Application

MD = Doctor of Medicine

B.A = Bachelor of Arts

NOC = No Objection Certificate

PHD = Doctor of Philosophy

UGC = University Grants Commission

10. Technical Related Basic Abbreviations

———————More Tech articles here———————

QR code = Quick Response code

Contain information about the product attached to it.

VFX = Visual Effects

Seen a latest movies? All impossible shown is by the VFX.

ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange

It’s a character code for standard communication. About 126 character it contains, from letters, alphabets, special characters etc.

SIM = Subscriber Identity Module

Check your network provider on phone setting.

SMS = Short Messaging Service

Quick, easy to use but costs small charge.

PIN = Personal Identification Number

Well, I have my phone PIN locked.

OTP = One Time Password

More secure way to login to devices. It’s a password that is valid for one session login.

TOS = Terms of Service

It’s an agreement between two parties especially client and service provider.

PAN = Permanent Account Number

Go and take a PAN number from a Tax Department.

11. Common Abbreviations in Computer

BIOS = Basic Input/Output System

BIOS setup is where you have to go if you want to do something to your OS.

HDD = Hard Disk Drive

Hard Disk stores all your data in one place so that you can use whenever you want.

SSD = Solid States Drives

You can say, its a new version of HDD which is way faster and lighter.

HDMI = High Definition Multimedia Interface

It transmits audio/video data faster. You probably have seen one connected between TV and cable.

I/O = Input / Output

Its Input and Output. Like an ongoing process between user and device. You give input, you get output.

RAM = Random Access Memory

Volatile memory on devices that stores temporary data of user.

ROM = Read Only Memory

It’s like a RAM but non-volatile. It stores permanent memory that is required by a system to work.

USB = Universal Serial Bus

USB port in devices can connect many other input and output devices.

CPU = Central Processing Unit

Brain of Computer.

GPU = Graphics Processing Unit

Better than CPU in its work.

UI = User Interface

The computer understands binary-only but UI helps us to interact with computers, like screen display.

GUI = Graphical User Interface

It’s UI that helps to interact with computer through a graphics.

OTG = USB On-The-Go

Connect your phone with USB by the help of OTG.

12. Short Forms in Files Format

PDF = Portable Document Format

Developed by Adobe for all kinds of documents, compatible to any OS.

GIF = Graphics Interchange Format

Might you have send image that looks like video. I mean motion image. That is GIF.

PNG = Portable Network Graphics

Another format for image but developed to be lighter in size.

JPG/JPEG = Joint Photographic Experts Group

Check any photo clicked by your camera and see the image name. Did you see .jpg at last?

MP3 = MPEG Audio Layer-3

It’s an audio format compatible to both old and new devices.

MP4 = MPEG-4

A more versatile format that can store audio, video as well as some static images.

AVI = Audio Video Interleave

Developed by Microsoft for audio and video.

HD = High Definition

HD is for high resolution video of higher quality.

13. OTHERS

VAT – Value Added Tax

E.G = Example Given / Exempli Gratia

I.E – Id Est / In Effect

USP – Unique Selling Proposition

DM – Direct Message

PM – Private Message

RSS – Really Simple Syndication

TDS – Tax Deducted at Source

BTS – Behind The Scene

FAQ – Frequently Asked Questions

N/A – Not Available

RIP – Rest In Peace

IQ – Intelligent Quotient

SUV – Sports Utility Vehicle

DJ – Disc Jockey

ETC – Et Cetera

FIR – First Information Report

GDP – Gross Domestic Product

KYC – Know Your Customer

LPG – Liquefied Petroleum Gas

CV – Curriculum Vitae

PS – Post Scriptum

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