Everyone should know basic and common abbreviations which are mostly used these days. Abbreviations are the truncated part of a text. Using Abbreviations aka short forms helps in fast writing, reading, and understanding. So, it is important to know some abbreviations.
Abbreviations have become a way of standard writing in many fields. Like as if you see the medical report, we can find many short forms/abbreviations there. Not only in the medical field, but abbreviations are also widely used in other fields like education, computer, and even in a social media text.
So, it is worth knowing some basic but useful abbreviations.
I have listed some common abbreviations categorized on the basis of its use in the field. Check it out. Also, I have also tried to include an example or short explanation of each abbreviation.
Common Abbreviations List
1. Common Time And Date Abbreviations
DOB = Date of Birth
Mostly used in forms. e.g. My DOB is 1990/01/01
BC = Before Christ
e.g. War in the Roman Republic from 73 BC.
AD = Anno Domino
e.g. It’s 2020 AD in here.
ETA = Estimated Time of Arrival
e.g. The ETA for that flight is 2 hours.
AM/PM = Ante Meridian / Post Meridian
e.g. It’s 3 AM in the morning. Let’s do it after 10 PM.
2. Medical Field Common Abbreviations
ICU = Intensive Care Unit
I would say, ICU as the most facilitated place in hospital.
ECG = Electrocardiogram
Most simple way to check heart’s rhythm.
HIV = Human Immunodeficiency Virus
It is the virus that causes AIDS.
AIDS = Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
It’s a AIDS. Scary.
LFT = Liver Functions Test
This test is done to check the problems in the Liver.
MRI = Magnetic Resonance Imaging
It gets the image of the whole body including its organs.
CT scan = Computed Tomography scan
It’s like an X-ray but done with different angles and more powerful and useful than normal X-rays.
OPD = Outpatient Department
If you have any health issue, then you will first go to OPD to consult with doctors.
PTSD = Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
It’s a disorder in mind as the consequences of some serious events.
TSH = Thyroid Stimulating Hormone
You will have TSH test for thyroid, if you need one.
BP = Blood Pressure
Remember you should not have your BP higher than 120/80.
NICU = Neonatal Intensive Care Unit
NICU ward is only for newly born child with health issues.
3. Common Abbreviations in Social Chat
ASAP = As Soon As Possible
e.g. I want this to be removed ASAP.
BRB = Be Right Back
e.g. One second, BRB.
LOL = Laugh Out Loud
e.g. LOL you are so funny.
ROFL – Rolling On the Floor Laughing
e.g. Used in something so much funny that you cannot control.
TY – Thank You
e.g. TY for your help.
BTW – By The Way
e.g. BTW, I can help you in this.
DYK – Did You Know
e.g. DYK they had a break up yesterday.
OMG – Oh My God
OMG OMG OMG
BFF – Best Friends Forever
We always help each other. Right BFF?
TIA – Thanks in Advance
You say TIA when you appreciate others trying to do something for you.
FOMO = Fear of Missing Out
It’s is anxiety feeling occurred in you when others are doing something without you.
AKA = Also Known As
Mr Ghishing aka Gore is criminal of our country.
DIY = Do It Yourself
e.g You looked the steps. Now DIY.
FYI – For Your Information
e.g. FYI, I am not the only one in this doing.
LMAO – Laughing My A.. Off
Well, people use this abbreviation in social chat when they get something funny.
PTO – Please Turn Over
e.g. PTO for more information.
4. Some Organization/Company Short forms
FBI = Federal Bureau of Investigation
The FBI is the intelligence security service of USA.
BBC = British Broadcasting Corporation
BBC News is the only news that is reliable in my perspective.
BMW = Bavarian Motor Works
e.g. Who doesn’t dream of having BMW car?
JCB = Joseph Cyril Bamford
JCB manufactures many construction equipment’s. You have seen JCB bulldozer.
NASA = National Aeronautics and Space Administration
NASA research is focused on space exploration.
ADIDAS = Adolf “Adi” Dassler
ADIDAS manufacture sportswear which is very famous all around the world.
LG = Lucky Goldstar
LG company produces all kinds of electronic products.
HTC = High Tech Computer
HTC corporation manufactures equipment’s from computer to mobile phones.
FIFA = Federation Internationale de Football Association
FIFA is a non-profit organization that covers all international football matches.
GOOGLE = Global Organization Of Oriented Group Language Of Earth
The largest company around the world. Everyone knows about it.
SAARC = South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation
e.g. Right now, 8 countries are in the SAARC committee.
5. Short Forms in Worker/Position
MD = Managing Director
It is the prestigious post of any company.
PA = Personal Assistant
Busy Boss mostly hires PA to help in their small works.
CEO = Chief Executive Officer
CEO is the highest rank in any company.
CMO = Chief Marketing Officer
CMO deals with the marketing strategy of any company.
EVP = Executive Vice President
e.g EVP mainly coordinates with the department for the growth of organization.
CFO = Chief Financial Officer
e.g CFO looks after the financial matters of an organization.
6. Some Science Short Forms
DDT = Dichloro Diphenyl Trichloroethane
One of the synthetic pesticides harmful to humans too.
DNA = Deoxyribo Nucleic Acid
Main hereditary material of most of the living organisms.
RNA = Ribo Nucleic Acid
It helps in protein synthesis required for the body.
RADAR = Radio Detection and Ranging
Also used in airport for the navigation of aircraft.
LASER = Light Amplification by the Stimulated Emission of Radiation
Everybody likes to play with laser but be careful with the dangerous one.
PVC = Poly Vinyl Chloride
Haven’t you heard of PVC pipes?
SONAR = Sound Navigation and Ranging
It is used in Ships for navigation and other proposes.
7. Internet Commonly Used Abbreviations
Know more Internet and tech articles from here. Read TECH ARTICLES
WWW = World Wide Web
A huge database of the so-called internet.
ISP = Internet Service Provider
ISP is the company that provides us internet. e.g. worldlink
IP = Internet Protocol
It’s like an address written in a numeric format for each device that is connected to the internet.
URL = Uniform Resource Locator
URL is the link to any website or web page. e.g. anylearnnepal.com is URL to my website.
HTML = Hyper Text Markup Language
The main functional language of any web page.
HTTP = Hyper Text Transfer Protocal
It is the communication medium between browsers and website.
PING = Packet InterNet Groper
It is the test of our internet connectivity.
VPN = Virtual Private Network
It gives anonymity to internet user. for e.g. it hides your IP address.
WiFi = Wireless Fidelity
Well, you might be reading this with the WiFi connection probably.
MODEM = Modulator Demodulator
Its a device that connects our router to the internet.
SEO = Search Engine Optimization
SEO is the way of growing visitors on any website.
SERP = Search Engine Results Page
It is any web page displayed by the browser from a web server.
LTE = Long Term Evolution
e.g. LTE is one of the standards of telecommunication. You probably heard of 4G LTE.
DNS = Domain Name System
It is the system of the address of all devices that are connected to the internet.
FTP = File Transfer Protocol
FTP is a protocol that helps to transfer files between users and web servers.
LAN = Local Area Network
A small computer network that connects devices within a local area like school, lab, campus.
WAN = Wide Area Network
Connectivity for the large area such as a geographical area. It is used in telecommunication.
WLAN = Wireless LAN
A wireless network that connects devices.
SMTP = Simple Mail Transfer Protocol
Simple protocol by which our email goes to the right place where we send it.
GPRS = General Packet Radio Service
It is a wireless communication for the 2G or 3G network with the transmission rate up to 114 Kbps.
8. Common Abbreviations in Electronics
LCD = Liquid Crystal Display
Not better than LED technology but works fine for less budget.
LED = Light Emitting Diode
New technology with greater efficiency than LCD.
IC = Integrated Circuit
Its like main component, every required component kept in a single chip. Small but works better than other components. e.g. Microprocessor, Microcontrollers, etc.
DSLR = Digital Single Lens Reflex
New technology in a camera that captures images with more efficiency, speed, etc. Multipurpose camera.
ATM = Automated Teller Machine
Well, almost everyone uses ATM to withdraw a small amount of money.
AM = Amplitude Modulated
Used for the radio signal, works based on the amplitude.
FM = Frequency Modulated
Also used for the radio signal, works based on the frequency.
IT = Information Technology
One important field that advances our way of life.
CD = Compact Disc
Well, we used to watch movies on CD back in the old days.
DVD = Digital Video/Versatile Disc
The new technology that offers higher storage than a CD. Can store any type of media file.
CCTV = Closed Circuit Television
Be careful with your activities in the bank as authority are watching over you through CCTV.
IOS = Iphone Operating System
The iPhone, iPad, iPod, Apple TV, etc. all part of IOS. Want iPhone 11? Sorry, I don’t have that for you.
MCB = Miniature Circuit Breaker
Well, see in your electrical wiring at your home. You will find a MCB. It protects our electrical circuit.
9. Education Related Abbreviations
LLB = Bachelor of Laws
MBA = Medical of Business Administration
MBBS = Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery
MCA = Master of Computer Application
MD = Doctor of Medicine
B.A = Bachelor of Arts
NOC = No Objection Certificate
PHD = Doctor of Philosophy
UGC = University Grants Commission
10. Technical Related Basic Abbreviations
———————More Tech articles here———————
QR code = Quick Response code
Contain information about the product attached to it.
VFX = Visual Effects
Seen a latest movies? All impossible shown is by the VFX.
ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange
It’s a character code for standard communication. About 126 character it contains, from letters, alphabets, special characters etc.
SIM = Subscriber Identity Module
Check your network provider on phone setting.
SMS = Short Messaging Service
Quick, easy to use but costs small charge.
PIN = Personal Identification Number
Well, I have my phone PIN locked.
OTP = One Time Password
More secure way to login to devices. It’s a password that is valid for one session login.
TOS = Terms of Service
It’s an agreement between two parties especially client and service provider.
PAN = Permanent Account Number
Go and take a PAN number from a Tax Department.
11. Common Abbreviations in Computer
BIOS = Basic Input/Output System
BIOS setup is where you have to go if you want to do something to your OS.
HDD = Hard Disk Drive
Hard Disk stores all your data in one place so that you can use whenever you want.
SSD = Solid States Drives
You can say, its a new version of HDD which is way faster and lighter.
HDMI = High Definition Multimedia Interface
It transmits audio/video data faster. You probably have seen one connected between TV and cable.
I/O = Input / Output
Its Input and Output. Like an ongoing process between user and device. You give input, you get output.
RAM = Random Access Memory
Volatile memory on devices that stores temporary data of user.
ROM = Read Only Memory
It’s like a RAM but non-volatile. It stores permanent memory that is required by a system to work.
USB = Universal Serial Bus
USB port in devices can connect many other input and output devices.
CPU = Central Processing Unit
Brain of Computer.
GPU = Graphics Processing Unit
Better than CPU in its work.
UI = User Interface
The computer understands binary-only but UI helps us to interact with computers, like screen display.
GUI = Graphical User Interface
It’s UI that helps to interact with computer through a graphics.
OTG = USB On-The-Go
Connect your phone with USB by the help of OTG.
12. Short Forms in Files Format
PDF = Portable Document Format
Developed by Adobe for all kinds of documents, compatible to any OS.
GIF = Graphics Interchange Format
Might you have send image that looks like video. I mean motion image. That is GIF.
PNG = Portable Network Graphics
Another format for image but developed to be lighter in size.
JPG/JPEG = Joint Photographic Experts Group
Check any photo clicked by your camera and see the image name. Did you see .jpg at last?
MP3 = MPEG Audio Layer-3
It’s an audio format compatible to both old and new devices.
MP4 = MPEG-4
A more versatile format that can store audio, video as well as some static images.
AVI = Audio Video Interleave
Developed by Microsoft for audio and video.
HD = High Definition
HD is for high resolution video of higher quality.
VAT – Value Added Tax
E.G = Example Given / Exempli Gratia
I.E – Id Est / In Effect
USP – Unique Selling Proposition
DM – Direct Message
PM – Private Message
RSS – Really Simple Syndication
TDS – Tax Deducted at Source
BTS – Behind The Scene
FAQ – Frequently Asked Questions
N/A – Not Available
RIP – Rest In Peace
IQ – Intelligent Quotient
SUV – Sports Utility Vehicle
DJ – Disc Jockey
ETC – Et Cetera
FIR – First Information Report
GDP – Gross Domestic Product
KYC – Know Your Customer
LPG – Liquefied Petroleum Gas
CV – Curriculum Vitae
PS – Post Scriptum
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